Causes and types of Heart disease

Heart disease is a broad expression. It includes various kinds of heart problems. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. The main cause of heart disease is atherosclerosis, which is also known as hardening of the arteries.  Factors such as high cholesterol, hypertension, smoking, obesity, bad diet, genetic abnormalities, infections, toxins and diseased organs can cause or contribute to the onset of atherosclerosis. Heart disease can lead to major disabilities and cause organ damage. Heart disease can also result in death due to heart failure or a heart attack.

There are four principal types of heart disease. Arrhythmia is a heart condition that involves abnormal heart rhythms. Valvular diseases impact on of the four main valves that pump blood into or out of the heart muscle. Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the actual heart muscle. Congestive heart failure describes a condition whereby the heart cannot pump blood to the organs and tissues of the body efficiently.

 Symptoms 

What are the warning signs to watch out for when it comes to heart disease?  You should consult your physician immediately if you experience symptoms such as chest pain, weakness, fatigue, dizziness, shortness of breath, a racing or fluttering heartbeat, water retention in the lower extremities, or trouble breathing when you are lying down.

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Six Symptoms of Heart Disease

 Your Diet

If you want to avoid developing heart disease, the first thing you should do is amend your diet. Eating a healthy diet that includes many whole foods is imperative if you want to avoid or reverse heart disease. Try to avoid foods that contain a lot of unhealthy fats or sugars. Instead, eat more fruits and vegetables. It is important to eat at least five portions of fruit and vegetables on a daily basis. You should also fill up on foods that contain good HDL cholesterol. Examples of foods that contain healthy fat include mackerel, trout, cod, tuna, avocados, nuts and olive oil.  Certain beverages may also lower your risk for heart disease. For example, green tea has beneficial antioxidants, as does red wine.

 Regular Exercise

Keeping your heart healthy is about more than just diet. If you want to avoid heart disease, regular cardiovascular exercise is most important. You should try to do at least thirty minutes of aerobic exercise three or four times per week. You may also find it useful to keep yourself physically active by walking instead of driving, weeding your garden or doing chores around the house. Do whatever it takes to avoid leading a sedentary lifestyle and keep your heart pumping.

 Relaxation

If you want your heart to stay healthy, you should lead an active lifestyle. However, you still need to find some time to relax and do the things that make you feel content. Stress can cause high blood pressure. High blood pressure can lead to atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a chief cause of heart disease.  Do what you can to avoid feeling stressed out, and try not to succumb to negative emotions like anger, fretfulness, fear and irritation.

Prescription Medications

If you feel one or more of the symptoms of heart disease and you don’t see a physician in order to acquire the correct prescription medication, your problem may get worse and cause severe complications. If you’ve suffered a heart attack, your physician will probably choose to prescribe beta blockers. Beta blockers help reduce your risk of death from heart disease. Other prescription medications that are used to treat heart disease and prevent complications include calcium channel blockers, ACE inhibitors, nitrates, diuretics, angiotensin receptor blockers and antiarrhythmic tablets.

Other Protective Measures

If you have heart disease, your doctor will help you get your condition under control with the appropriate prescription medications. Once your condition is under control, you might also wish to try other preventative measures to help ensure the health of your heart. For instance, taking a low-dose aspirin pill on a daily basis can help to thin the blood and prevent inflammation, thus stopping your atherosclerosis from worsening.  If you use aspirin, you should also take extra vitamin C.  Other supplements and herbs that can help with the prevention or worsening of heart disease include flaxseed oil, vitamin E, niacin, B vitamins, garlic, coenzyme Q10 and hawthorn extract. Make sure you consult with your physician before you start using any herbs or supplements to treat or prevent heart disease.

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