Did you know a heart attack kills 1 person every 33 seconds in India making it the deadliest diseases in India and the most feared disease globally? A heart attack is usually sudden but it results from long-prevailing heart disease.
What is a heart?
A heart is a muscle that contracts to pump blood to the body.
When does a heart attack occur?
A heart attack occurs when there is a deficiency of blood supply to the heart. Blood is supplied to the heart by a network of arteries.
What could possibly cause the deficiency of blood supply?
Blood supply limits or stops whenever there is a plaque / clot or obstruction in the artery (ies). This plaque is usually made up of cholesterol and other cells. When enough blood is not flowing into the heart muscle, it damages the organ.
What can possibly cause a heart attack?
There are several parameters leading to this heart condition including (but not limited to) factors like age, heredity, blood pressure, cholesterol, obesity, poor diet, lack of physical exercise, stress etc.
What are symptoms of heart disease?
Some of the symptoms of a heart attack could be Anxiety, Cough, fainting, Nausea, chest pain, shortness of breath, sweating etc.
How can one know the extent of an attack?
There are multiple tests to check the extent of an attack. It is an emergency condition and usually is dealt the same way in hospitals.
What is the emergency procedure called?
An emergency procedure called Angioplasty (where a stent is deployed in the arteries) could be performed or the patient could be advised for a by-pass surgery depending on several factors including the age, extent of block or damage. Sometimes medicines may be given to dilute or break the clot.
How can we try and prevent the development of heart disease?
Heart disease could be prevented by following a long term fitness regime, keeping a tab on food habits and monitoring and preventing diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol etc.
We recommend timely health checks and maintaining healthy eating and exercising habits, however, in spite of the precautions you see any signs/symptoms of heart disease make sure you consult your doctor/general practitioner (GP). If you still have any questions/doubts on treatments/solutions you can register with us and get unbiased advice/opinion from our panel of experts from around the world.